Sermon on the Mount, The Emmaus View

Appendix K. Three ordinations compared (Version 1.3)

Whilst the textual order of elements differ, the procedures for priestly ordination, reinstatement of a restored ‘leper’, and Nazirite consecration show sufficient similarities to suggest that they all served an ordination function, though none gives a complete picture of that process.

Item

Sacrifice after cleansing from Leprosy
(Lev 14:1-32)

In association with a Nazirite vow
(Num 6:13-21)

Ordination of Aaron and his family
(Ex 29:1-34, Lev 8:1-33)

Order in text

Shave and wash, wave, guilt, sin, burnt

Sin, burnt, peace, shave, wave

Wash, sin, burnt, ordination, wave

Days of exclusion

Wait until seventh day (Lev 14:8) *

Days of separation fulfilled (Num 6:13)

N/A

Shaving and / or washing

Shave off all hair, wash clothes and bathe (Lev 14:8 9)

Shave hair (Num 6:18)

Wash with water and dress in new (i.e. clean) clothes (Ex 29:4, Lev 8:6)

Location of ritual

Outside Tent of Meeting (Lev 14:11)

Entrance of Tent of Meeting (Num 6:13)

Doorway of Tent of Meeting (Lev 8:3 & Num 8:9)

Burnt offering

Male lamb a year old (Lev 14:10)

Male lamb one year old (Num 6:14)

A ram (Ex 29:1, 18, Lev 8:2, 18)

Sin offering

Ewe Lamb a year old, i.e. a personal offering (Lev 14:10)

Ewe Lamb a year old, i.e. a personal offering Num 6:14)

Young bull, i.e. a corporate offering (Ex 29:1, 12, 14, Lev 8:2, 14)

Guilt / peace / ordination offering

Male lamb a year old, with log of olive oil as guilt offering (Lev 14:12)

A ram as a peace offering (Num 6:14) **

A ram, Leviticus qualifies as ‘of ordination’ (Ex 29:1, Lev 8:2, 22)

Blood daubing

Blood of guilt offering on the ear, thumb and big (Lev 14:15)


Blood of Ram of ordination on the ear, thumb and big (Ex 29:20, Lev 8:23)

Sprinkling oil

Olive oil sprinkled before the lord (Lev 14:16)


Sprinkled anointing oil (Ex n/a, Lev 8:11)

Oil daubing

Olive oil on ear, thumb and toe (Lev 14:17)



Anointing

Remainder of olive oil on the head (Lev 14:18)


Anointing oil poured on head (Ex 29:7, Lev 8:12)

Grain and drink offerings (Num 15:3-5)

Three-tenths of an ephah, i.e. three sacrifices worth, of fine flour with oil and one log of oil (v10)

Basket of unleavened bread, fine flour mixed with olive oil, unleavened wafers smeared with olive oil (Num 6:15)

Basket of bread, cakes with oil and wafers spread with oil, all unleavened and of fine flour (Ex 29:2), a basket of unleavened bread in Lev. (Lev 8:2)

Burning hair


Under the peace offering (Num 6:18)


Priests portion (Lev 7:33)

Can be assumed as it is part of the standard procedure

Priest must take the boiled shoulder of the ram (Num 6:19)

Moses to take the right thigh as is a ram of ordination (Ex 29:26)

Memorial portion (Lev 2:2, 9)

Can be assumed as it is part of the standard procedure

Priest must take one cake made without yeast from the basket, and one wafer made without yeast (Num 6:19)

Moses to take one cake of bread and one cake of bread mixed with oil and one wafer from the basket of unleavened (Ex 29:24-25 Lev 8:26)

Wave offering (Lev 7:30)

Can be assumed as it is part of the standard procedure

Priest to put shoulder and bread in the hands of the Nazirite (Num 6:19)

Moses to put shoulder and bread in the hands of Aaron & his sons (Ex 29:20, Lev 8:27)

Wave offering (Lev 7:30)

Guilt offering and oil are offered as a wave offering (Lev 14:24)

Priest shall wave them (Num 6:20)

All a wave offering by Aaron & his sons (Ex 29:24, Lev 8:27) Breast as a wave offering by Moses (Ex 29:26, Lev 8:29)

Priests portion (Lev 7:33-34)

Can be assumed as it is part of the standard procedure

Like breast and thigh it is holy for the priest (Num 6:20)

Breast and thigh are holy for the priest (Ex 29:27 28, 33), Moses has breast (Lev 8:29)

Boil flesh (1 Sam 2:13)

Can be assumed from standard procedure

Flesh boiled (see Num 6:20)

Flesh to be boiled (Ex 29:31, Lev 8:31)

Waiting

Outside his tent for 7 days (Lev 14:8) *


In doorway of tent of meeting for 7 days (Lev 8:33,35, cf. Exod 29:30)

* After washing on the seventh day there was another seven-day wait for consistency with the ordination procedure.

** As the Nazirite had done nothing to attract guilt, the lamb could become a peace offering.

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